Rats and Mice

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Differences between Rats and Mice
Rat and mice are common names for two different animals that belong to the same group of animal. Rats and mice do look alike apart from the fact that rates are a lot bigger than mice. A baby rat maybe even more confusing although they can still be distinguished. A possible rat that is about the size of a mouse will normally have bigger feet, wide muzzle, thick tail and small ears with a mouse having the opposite.

Pests
Both rats and mice are considered pests as they can cause a lot of damage as a result of being able to chew through anything that isn't as strong as their teeth.
Traps and poison are the most common ways of getting rid of them while some people may prefer a more humane way of getting rid of them such as traps that donít kill, but capture them.
You may need to employ professional help from a company that deals with pest control if you have a very bad problem with rats and, or mice.
Signs
The most common first sign of an infestation is the discovery of droppings. The size of the droppings can help identify who the culprit may be. If the droppings are about 1cm long and rod shaped then you are likely to have rats. If the droppings resemble a grain of rice then you have mice. Other signs are footprints in dust, food packets and containers have corners and edges nibbled, furniture with nibble damage and nest sites.
Health Risks and Problems
Rats and mice can carry diseases such as salmonella, Leptospirosis, Weil's disease, Murine typhus, Viruses, parasites, Brucellosis, Aujeszky's disease and foot & mouth disease. These are all transmittable to people as well as livestock such as pigs and poultry making it important for farmers to keep rats and mice under control.

A mouse can be annoying where mice can be a bigger problem! Getting rid of mice can be done in many ways such as the use of traps that kill or catch and poisons. Controlling mice in and around your home must be taken seriously as they can introduce illnesses to your family as well as transfer fleas to pets.

  • Mice will normally sleep for over 12 hours a day.
  • Mice eat, or at least chew anything that is softer than their teeth.
  • Mice are very neat as they will sleep, eat and defecate in different places.
  • Mice do not like rats as rats are known to prey on mice however in the wild they do live together.
  • Mice can jump straight up to about 18 inches and are also very good climbers and swimmers.
  • A male mouse is called a buck.
  • A female mouse is called a doe.
  • The offspring of mice are called pups or kitten.
  • A group of mice are called a family, horde or a nest.
  • A wild mouse will live no longer than 1 year.
  • A pet mouse may live for between 2 and 3 years.
  • A mouseís tail is almost as long as its body.
  • Mice do not see in colour.
  • Mice are nocturnal creatures.
  • Mice can and will chew through anything softer than their teeth.
  • Mice cause more than 1 billion dollarsí worth of damage in the US alone each year.

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