Mice Species




The Deer Mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus) and the White Footed Mouse (Peromyscus leucopus) are very closely related to each other and are yet both very faintly related to the House Mouse (Mus musculus). A House Mouse is what your pet Fancy Mice are. All Fancy Mice are the same species, regardless of colour, markings, body type, coat type, etc. Deer Mice or White Footed Mice cannot breed with House Mice, while they look very similar, they are extremely different.

All 3 of these species are Rodentia, but from there, the House Mouse is classified much differently than Deer Mice and White Footed Mice. Deer Mice and White Footed Mice are of the family Cricetidae, subfamily Neotominae, and genus Peromyscus. However, they are both different species. The House Mouse is of the family Muridae, subfamily Murinae, and Genus Mus. The chart below will help visualize how distantly related these 3 species are from each other.

Mouse species diagram

Field Mice are not mentioned in this article as the term "Field Mouse" is more of a generic phrase for many various species of wild mouse. The term "Field Mouse" may also signify a more specific species (often more than one), although the species it indicates largely differs depending on where in the world the term is being used. To add to possible confusion, White Footed mice are often called Deer Mice, though this is inaccurate.

A mouse can be annoying where mice can be a bigger problem! Getting rid of mice can be done in many ways such as the use of traps that kill or catch and poisons. Controlling mice in and around your home must be taken seriously as they can introduce illnesses to your family as well as transfer fleas to pets.

  • Mice will normally sleep for over 12 hours a day.
  • Mice eat, or at least chew anything that is softer than their teeth.
  • Mice are very neat as they will sleep, eat and defecate in different places.
  • Mice do not like rats as rats are known to prey on mice however in the wild they do live together.
  • Mice can jump straight up to about 18 inches and are also very good climbers and swimmers.
  • A male mouse is called a buck.
  • A female mouse is called a doe.
  • The offspring of mice are called pups or kitten.
  • A group of mice are called a family, horde or a nest.
  • A wild mouse will live no longer than 1 year.
  • A pet mouse may live for between 2 and 3 years.
  • A mouse’s tail is almost as long as its body.
  • Mice do not see in colour.
  • Mice are nocturnal creatures.
  • Mice can and will chew through anything softer than their teeth.
  • Mice cause more than 1 billion dollars’ worth of damage in the US alone each year.

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