Fancy Mice

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The mice known as fancy mice are the same as a feeder mouse. They and are domestic and marketed as either depending on the seller. The term fancy mouse is used mostly to describe mice that have been selectively bred for exhibition. They can vary in size a lot, from small pet mice that measure around 15 to 17.5 cm long from nose to tail tip, to show mice that measure 30 cm from nose to tail. Pet mice weigh about 30 to 45 grams but large show mice can weigh up to 130 grams. Fancy mice breeders direct the mouse’s breeding to create fancy colours and patterns. These include black, chocolate, blue, cream, lilac, red, fawn, white, cinnamon, golden agouti, silver agouti, champagne, silver and dove.

In 1895 Walter Maxey founded the National Mouse Club in Victorian England. The first official mouse show was held in Lincoln the same year. Since that show, mouse clubs have been set up worldwide. The shows are held worldwide so competitive breeders can display their mice where they are judged on colour and behaviour.
Many people around the world keep mice as pets for many reasons. Fancy mice are fairly small, low-cost, never need bathing, and can learn to enjoy regular handling. Female mice are more popular with many mice owners as they normally get on well with other mice unlike males. Also, the urine of a female fancy mouse does not contain an odour as strong as a male mouse. Males kept together usually fight and kill each other even if they are brothers. Even introducing them at a very young age won’t help due to very strong and unchangeable territorial instincts. It is difficult if not impossible to house male mice together without there being any risk of them injuring or killing each other.

Some people prefer the character and inquisitiveness of male mice. This makes it difficult to keep them as they are social creatures and should be kept in groups of at least 2.  However, if a buck and a doe of breeding age are put in the same cage it is likely that they will reproduce at a maximum frequency of once every three weeks. 
There are several clubs all over the world who host shows for mice with shows in the US, the UK, and Australia being the most common. Clubs include:
AFRMA (American Fancy Rat and Mouse Association, US)
ECMA (East Coast Mouse Association, US)
RMCC (Rat and Mouse Club of china, US)
NMC (National Mouse Club, UK), and more.

A mouse can be annoying where mice can be a bigger problem! Getting rid of mice can be done in many ways such as the use of traps that kill or catch and poisons. Controlling mice in and around your home must be taken seriously as they can introduce illnesses to your family as well as transfer fleas to pets.

  • Mice will normally sleep for over 12 hours a day.
  • Mice eat, or at least chew anything that is softer than their teeth.
  • Mice are very neat as they will sleep, eat and defecate in different places.
  • Mice do not like rats as rats are known to prey on mice however in the wild they do live together.
  • Mice can jump straight up to about 18 inches and are also very good climbers and swimmers.
  • A male mouse is called a buck.
  • A female mouse is called a doe.
  • The offspring of mice are called pups or kitten.
  • A group of mice are called a family, horde or a nest.
  • A wild mouse will live no longer than 1 year.
  • A pet mouse may live for between 2 and 3 years.
  • A mouse’s tail is almost as long as its body.
  • Mice do not see in colour.
  • Mice are nocturnal creatures.
  • Mice can and will chew through anything softer than their teeth.
  • Mice cause more than 1 billion dollars’ worth of damage in the US alone each year.

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