Diseases From Mice

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Diseases carried by mice include, but are not limited to Bubonic plague, Salmonella, Murine Typhus, Leptospirosis, Rat-bite Fever and Tapeworms.
Bubonic plague mice are not infected with plague as often as rats but infections do occur. Bubonic plague is spread to humans by fleas. It is usually fatal within a few days of infection. It is present in rodents throughout the Western United States, and in many other parts of the world.

Mice are frequent carriers of salmonella. Salmonella spreads to humans by contact with mouse droppings, especially through consumption of contaminated food. Salmonella causes serious, sometimes fatal gastroenteritis. Household pets are also frequently infected with Salmonella by this means and often die as a result.
Murine Typhus is transmitted from mice via flea bites. This is treatable with antibiotics, but can cause death in elderly or unwell individuals. Symptoms include vomiting, fever, headache, myalgia, and cough.
Leptospirosis is transported by mice and past on in their faeces or urine. Leptospirosis begins with flu like symptoms including fever, chills and an intense headache. Once the first phase resolves, and the patient is a carrier for a disease or infection but experiences no symptoms until the second phase begins. This is characterized by meningitis, liver damage causing jaundice and renal failure. The infection is often wrongly diagnosed due to the wide range of symptoms. This leads to a lower registered number of cases than exists.

Rat bite fever - is fatal in 10% of untreated cases. Usually contracted from rats, but infection can also occur from mice. The bacterium causing this disease enters the body through bites, as its name suggests, or from urine contaminating either food or pre-existing skin wounds.
Tapeworms - Mice host small tapeworms of the genus Hymenolepis and can be spread to humans eating foods contaminated with droppings. These parasites hatch out in the gut where they grow and reproduce.
Ways that mice transmit disease to humans:
By biting
By infecting human food with droppings
By infecting human food with urine
By infecting skin wounds with urine
Indirectly, by blood-sucking insects
Indirectly, by mites
Indirectly, by means of cats and dogs
By dying in a water source drunk by humans

A mouse can be annoying where mice can be a bigger problem! Getting rid of mice can be done in many ways such as the use of traps that kill or catch and poisons. Controlling mice in and around your home must be taken seriously as they can introduce illnesses to your family as well as transfer fleas to pets.

  • Mice will normally sleep for over 12 hours a day.
  • Mice eat, or at least chew anything that is softer than their teeth.
  • Mice are very neat as they will sleep, eat and defecate in different places.
  • Mice do not like rats as rats are known to prey on mice however in the wild they do live together.
  • Mice can jump straight up to about 18 inches and are also very good climbers and swimmers.
  • A male mouse is called a buck.
  • A female mouse is called a doe.
  • The offspring of mice are called pups or kitten.
  • A group of mice are called a family, horde or a nest.
  • A wild mouse will live no longer than 1 year.
  • A pet mouse may live for between 2 and 3 years.
  • A mouse’s tail is almost as long as its body.
  • Mice do not see in colour.
  • Mice are nocturnal creatures.
  • Mice can and will chew through anything softer than their teeth.
  • Mice cause more than 1 billion dollars’ worth of damage in the US alone each year.

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