Mice are frequent carriers of salmonella. Salmonella spreads to
humans by contact with mouse droppings, especially through
consumption of contaminated food. Salmonella causes serious,
sometimes fatal gastroenteritis. Household pets are also
frequently infected with Salmonella by this means and often die
as a result.
Murine Typhus is transmitted from mice via flea bites. This is
treatable with antibiotics, but can cause death in elderly or
unwell individuals. Symptoms include vomiting, fever, headache,
myalgia, and cough.
Leptospirosis is transported by mice and past on in their faeces
or urine. Leptospirosis begins with flu like symptoms including
fever, chills and an intense headache. Once the first phase
resolves, and the patient is a carrier for a disease or
infection but experiences no symptoms until the second phase
begins. This is characterized by meningitis, liver damage
causing jaundice and renal failure. The infection is often
wrongly diagnosed due to the wide range of symptoms. This leads
to a lower registered number of cases than exists.
Rat bite fever - is fatal in 10% of untreated cases. Usually
contracted from rats, but infection can also occur from mice.
The bacterium causing this disease enters the body through
bites, as its name suggests, or from urine contaminating either
food or pre-existing skin wounds.
Tapeworms - Mice host small tapeworms of the genus Hymenolepis
and can be spread to humans eating foods contaminated with
droppings. These parasites hatch out in the gut where they grow
Ways that mice transmit disease to humans:
By infecting human food with droppings
By infecting human food with urine
By infecting skin wounds with urine
Indirectly, by blood-sucking insects
Indirectly, by mites
Indirectly, by means of cats and dogs
By dying in a water source drunk by humans
A mouse can be annoying where mice can be a bigger problem!
Getting rid of mice can be done in many ways such as the use of
traps that kill or catch and poisons. Controlling mice in and
around your home must be taken seriously as they can introduce
illnesses to your family as well as transfer fleas to pets.